‘You don’t slip into a civil war overnight. You don’t go to sleep and the following day there is civil war. Civil war creeps forward insidiously in very subtle ways, and we need to detect its early signs’ – Mowaffak al-Rubie, Iraqi statesman and civil rights campaigner. On 10th June 2014 Mosul fell to Islamic … More Islamic State in Iraq – a brief history.
In his first foreign policy speech after announcing his candidacy for the 2007 Democratic primaries, Barack Obama highlighted the threat to US and international interests posed by state failure: claiming that al-Qaeda ‘operate freely in the disconnected corners of our interconnected world – the weak and ungoverned states that have become fertile breeding grounds for … More Islamist mobilisation and state failure: an unholy alliance?